Written by: Xuân Phi, 16/05/2022
Supported by: Ex-BC Examiner, 17/05/2022
Question: As major cities in the world are growing today, so do their problems. What are the problems for young people living in the cities as the result of continued growth? What are the solutions to these problems?
(IELTS Academic – 17/05/2022)
There are more metropolitan areas in the world. This tendency leads to serious issues for young dwellers in such areas relating to lower living standards and the higher unemployment rate. However, these problems can be solved by providing financial aid and job opportunities.
There are two main obstacles for young people resulting from the proliferation of urban areas. The main one is that they may suffer from a decreasing quality of living. More specifically, due to high living expenses in big cities, the youths cannot afford medical fees as well as a house to live in. Therefore, they would likely reside in small houses with poor living conditions or not receive proper medical treatment, thus leading to their low life satisfaction. Additionally, a higher youth unemployment rate is attributed to the growth of large cities. This is because the youths have to face intense competitiveness in the job market as such areas often attract numerous young people to come and seek employment. Consequently, many of them who are not experienced easily become jobless.
However, these aforementioned problems can be tackled by two measures. First and foremost, the government should financially support young people who fall below the poverty line in big cities. To be more specific, they should be given monetary assistance to cover their living costs for a certain period of time until their lives stabilize. As a result, they can be encouraged to overcome difficulties while building their career. Second, more chances for employment should be promoted in rural areas. This can be implemented if the state allocates more funding for the construction of new companies or factories in the countryside to create many jobs for local inhabitants, discouraging them to move to bigger cities. Thus, the job competition in urban areas would decrease.
In conclusion, although the increase in big cities poses a threat to young people’s quality of life and job prospects, the provision of financial support and chances to work in rural areas are potential solutions to these issues. It is advisable that the government should take care of the young in urban areas by implementing effective policies.
(Word count: 352)
|Metropolitan areas||Khu vực đô thị|
|Young dwellers||Cư dân trẻ|
|The proliferation of urban areas||Sự gia tăng các khu vực đô thị|
|Reside in small houses||Cư trú trong những ngôi nhà nhỏ|
|Receive proper medical treatment||Nhận được sự điều trị y tế thích hợp|
|Face intense competitiveness||Đối mặt với khả năng cạnh tranh gay gắt|
|Fall below the poverty line||Rất nghèo khổ|
|Build their career||Xây dựng sự nghiệp của họ|
|Allocate more funding for…||Phân bổ nhiều tài trợ hơn cho…|
|The provision of financial support||Sự cung cấp hỗ trợ tài chính|