Written by: Xuân Phi, 14/3/2022
Supported by: Ex-BC Examiner, 16/3/2022
Question: Fewer young people do farming work in rural areas. Why? Should young people be encouraged to do farming work?
(IELTS Academic – 12/3/2022)
There has been a decline in the number of young people engaging in farming work, which can be ascribed to the greater allure of factory-based jobs and the changing perception resulting from the increased provision of education. Because of these factors, it can be prudent for young people to pursue agricultural work.
Young people becoming more reluctant to work in farming can be explained as follows. Firstly, the slump in young workers working in the agriculture industry can be attributed to factory-based jobs being more attractive. In comparison to farming work, factory jobs usually provide a more lucrative income and the working environment is often more comfortable as workers get to be in an air-conditioned setting under a roof. Thus, young workers are more inclined to work in a factory instead of on a farm. In addition, with the greater provision of mass education to young people, more of them have begun to perceive farming work to be below their standards. They are typically more drawn to jobs that are better suited to their elevated educational background and skill set. Hence they will likely consider agricultural work to not meet those standards.
Due to the factors outlined above, young people should be encouraged to work in agriculture. Firstly, farming jobs require a great deal of manpower to keep up with the currently growing demand for food. A dearth in personnel can hinder productivity in the agricultural industry and by extension the national food supply can be deleteriously halted, which may lead to a domestic food crisis. Furthermore, farming work can be a vocational pathway for young people. It provides them with practical skills such as using heavy machinery and planting crops, as well as soft skills such as task management, organizational and communication skills. That way, young people can learn to be more resourceful and responsible in a professional setting.
In conclusion, the greater benefits provided by factory jobs and changing perception of farm work are the leading causes of the decline in young people working in agriculture. Therefore, they should be encouraged to work in that sector as it needs extensive manpower and it can be a fruitful professional path for them to take.
Word count: 365
|Greater allure of factory-based jobs|
Sức hấp dẫn lớn hơn của các công việc làm tại nhà máy
Increased provision of education
|Tăng cường cung cấp giáo dục|
Thay đổi nhận thức
|The slump in young workers|
Sự sụt giảm của lao động trẻ
A more lucrative income
|Một thu nhập hấp dẫn hơn|
|Below one’s standards|
Dưới tiêu chuẩn của một người
Elevated educational background
|Nền tảng giáo dục nâng cao|
A dearth in sth
|Một sự khan hiếm của cái gì đó|
Đã tạm dừng một cách độc hại
Domestic food crisis
|Khủng hoảng lương thực trong nước|
Con đường học nghề
Fruitful professional path
Con đường chuyên nghiệp thành công