Written by: Xuân Phi, 20/11/2023
Supported by: Ex-BC Examiner, 20/11/2023
Question: The graph below shows a typical American and a Japanese office. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
(IELTS Academic – 18/11/2023)
The maps present the differences between typical offices in America and Japan. Overall, Japanese companies prefer an open working space and it also has a more hierarchical structure with managers presented with clear views of employees, whereas an American office is divided into designated sections and rooms for managers and work-related facilities.
Looking at the entrance and windows, an office in the United States generally has twice as many doors and windows as one in Japan. Specifically, the diagram presents four doors at each corner of the rectangular floor plan and two long sets of windows on either wall of an American office area, whereas a Japanese working space is presented with just two doors and one window installed along a wall at the top.
Regarding the interior layout, there are two rooms for section managers and a larger one for a department manager on the right side of an American office. Desks for employees are arranged in two rows in the center, with a printer room, storage area and two conference rooms located to the left of the office. In comparison, the seating arrangement of a Japanese office reflects a clearer management hierarchy with a wide department manager desk and two smaller section manager desks at the top of the single room. Their subordinates face each other and share large rectangular tables in the lower section of the layout.
(Word count: 230)
|Hierarchical structure||Cấu trúc phân cấp|
|Work-related facilities||Cơ sở vật chất liên quan đến công việc|
|Interior layout||Bố trí nội thất|
|Seating arrangement||Sắp xếp chỗ ngồi|
|Management hierarchy||Phân cấp quản lý|